The English Settlements, ca. 1650

The English settlements in Eastern North America, ca. 1650

In 1650, there were several English settlements in Eastern North America, primarily located along the eastern coast. These settlements were established by the English colonists who arrived in North America seeking new opportunities and a fresh start. Here are some notable English settlements in Eastern North America in 1650: 

Plymouth Colony: established in 1620 in present-day Massachusetts by the Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower.

Massachusetts Bay Colony: founded in 1630, it encompassed a larger area than the Plymouth Colony and included settlements such as Boston, Salem, and Charlestown.

Connecticut Colony: settled in the 1630s, it included towns like Hartford, New Haven, and Windsor.

Rhode Island Colony: founded in 1636 by Roger Williams, it offered religious freedom and became home to towns like Providence, Newport, and Portsmouth.

New Haven Colony: established in 1638 as a separate colony, it latter merged with the Connecticut Colony.

Maryland Colony: granted to Lord Baltimore in 1632, it became a haven for English Catholics and had settlements like St. Mary’s City and Providence.

Virginia Colony: established in 1607 at Jamestown, it had expanded its settlements along the James River and Chesapeake Bay (Hampton, Henricus, Middle Plantation).

New Hampshire Colony: founded in the 1620s, it included towns like Strawbery Banke (Portsmouth), Dover, and Exeter.

These English settlements formed the foundation of future English and later British colonies in North America. They played a crucial role in the development and expansion of the English culture in the region.